dioscorea bulbifera nutritional value

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This strategy is probably and evolutionary by adaptation to ensure that the presence of viable seeds in the seed bank when breaks in forest canopy cover occur. Yams of African species must be cooked before safely eaten because various nutritional toxin substance such as dioscorina can cause illness if consumed raw. There have been claims by pest plant air potato 2010 that even the wild form are rendered edible after drying and boiling leading to confusion over actual toxicity. Dioscorea bulbifera is a major stable food crop which is a species of yam widely distributed around the world in tropical and subtropical regions. as Influenced by Season, Genotype, Insect Pest Management and Cropping System in Southeastern Nigeria, Studies on Gene Frequencies of Polyembryony and Karyotype in Fluted Pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis Hook. As a source for ideas for your own research work (if properly referenced). The bitter compound of the yam are H20 soluble alkaloids which on ingestion produced several and distressing symptoms. In areas where they are produced D. bulbifera seeds are wind –dispersed (Hammer, 1998) even where flowering occurs more regularly sexual reproduction via seed in still likely of secondary importance. Covered with large leaves, it can quickly grow into the tops of tall trees. This study is to help you found at the nutritive content of the aerial yam being one of the food eaten by people of the old which is their secret for healthy living and to inspire many people to revisit most the crop being cultivated and harvested by people of old and more light should be thrown on them. The present study was undertaken to investigate the nutritional profile and phytochemical screening of Discorea bulbifera. The root of Dioscorea bulbifera is considered to have bitter, neutral and nontoxic properties and to be associated with the liver, stomach, heart and lung meridians. Dioscorea bulbitera is one of the various species of yam. Edustore.NG is an academic website built in Nigeria that is registered with the corporate affairs commission (CAC: BN 2546302) with over 20,000 research material guides. How Air Potato is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Yams are primary agricultural, and commonly important in west Africa, where over 95% of worlds yam crop is harvested, they are important for survival, they serve as a means of lively hood for some people. Vigorous a sexual, reproduction via bubils has facilitated the continued spread of invasive vine throughout most of the state (mantinez 1993) bubils can last a year or more on the ground and still sprout and spoil contact D. Bubifera have become rampart on undeveloped land around Tapa by 1996 the plant had been reported from natural areas in Florida countries (large land and Burk 1998). It is not grown much commercially since the flavour of other yams is preferred by most people. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Dioscorea bulbifera have been traditionally used to lower glycemic index, thus providing a more sustained form of energy and better protection against obesity and diabetics, it also has anti-cancer properties. The fruit is a capsule and the seeds are partially winged (langland and Buks 1998, langeland 2001). Severe cases of alkaloid intoxication may prove fatal. The most common tubers that were feed on by the old was picked and worked on. They also and be dispersed by flood H20 and appear to be little impacted by feeding from raccoons feral pigs and other animals (Coursey 1967 Morisawe 1999). The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. A laboratory genuine regime for viable non-dormant D. bulbifera seed indicate that germination occurs in approximate twenty one days at 300c (Elis et al 1985). Association of official analytical chemist Washington DC It has been agreed upon that people of old leave longer and the healthy, in respective of their none exposure, low health care system, poor sanitation and hygiene than the present century, even with all these facility close to our door step yet many fall appeal to various type of sickness and many wonder why? Dioscorea bulbifera bulbils are used in treating tumors, wounds, hernia, hair lice, skin infections, piles, dysentery, ulcers, cough, leprosy, diabetes, asthma, and … In this paper, four wild yam species: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. versicolor, D. deltoidea and D. triphylla, were studied. Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae) that form edible tubers. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA (AERIAL YAM),it was extensively cultivated & used by the individual as house hold name,survival, medicine & food Severe cases of alkaloid intoxication may prove fatal. They’re not potatoes. (key 1937), 1.2    SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION OF D. BULBIFERA (TAXONOMY), Binomial name Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato, aerial yam (Duke, James et al 1993). Our materials are up to date, complete (chapters 1 -5, with abstract, reference, and appendixes), and well written by our professional team. The steroid diosgenin, an active component of birth control pills is extracted from the plant as the anti-fungal compound dihydrodrodio. AL. Using this Service/Resources: These substance are toxic causing paralyses (Oke 1990). Conspicuous aerial tubers called bulbils are pale round to globose in shape up to 13cm wide and are formed in leaf axils it is this bulbils that give D. bulbifera the common name air potato. Dioscorea bulbifera or commonly known as Aerial Yam is a perennial, non-spiny, climbing plant up to 10 m long. Dept. The plant form bubils in the leaf axils of the twining stems and tubers beneath the ground. These varieties contain the steroid, diosgenin which is a principal material used in the manufacture of a number of synthetic steroidal hormones such as those used in hormonal contraception (National Tropical Botanical Garden 2007). This was to check for the nutritive value, importance and uses of the aerial yam. However, there is insufficient study of their nutritional value. NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA (AERIAL YAM) By. Ask us anything! Yams (Dioscorea) belong to Dioscoreaceae family. In Asia detoxication and roasting of the grated tuber are used for better cultivars of this yam. Roasted, fried, boiled, etc. Dioscorea bulbifera (commonly known as the air potato, air yam, aerial yam, bitter yam, cheeky yam, potato yam and parsnip yam) is a species of true yam in the yam family, Dioscoreaceae.It is native to Africa, Asia and northern Australia. Uses, Health Benefits of Dioscorea Bulbifera & Medical Formulas: 3.1 Skin Health. Also the wild from of bitter hence are referred to as bitter yam. Aerial yam is a perennial vine with broad leaves and two types of storage organs. Discorea species are doccious with male and female flowers occurring in separate plant. The bitter compound of the yam are H20 soluble alkaloids which on ingestion produced several and distressing symptoms. It typically climbs to the tops of trees and have the tendency to take over native plants. The primary means of spread and reproduction are via bubils, the smallest bubils make, control of air potato difficult due to their ability to sprout at a very small stage the vine produces small white flowers, are rarely seen when it grows. Dept. Dioscorea species or “yams” are economically important world-wide as a food crop (Hammer, 1998). The dry matter ranged from 19.8 to 30.5% on a fresh weight basis. They are prepared like other yams. Air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera) is a vigorously twining vine, which grows from an underground tuber. Tubers and burbils generally sprout in the spring and the new short often climb the deed stems of the previous year to reach the tree canopy. D. alata and alternate in D. bulbifera. We understand the Time Factor, & we have simplified the process so that you can get your projects instantly. Association of official analytical chemist Washington DC It has been agreed upon that people of old leave longer and the healthy, in respective of their none exposure, low health care system, poor sanitation and hygiene than the present century, even with all these facility close to our door step yet many fall appeal to various type of sickness and many wonder why? It is rich in sodium, saponin, and oxalate therefore to obtain the maximum nutritional one needs to make sure that it is prepared/used properly. The stems can rapidly grow to 60 feet in length. There are over 600 varieties of yam and 95% of it are grown in African (library congress 2011). yam is a versatile vegetable it can be barbecued (using less heat). D. alata and alternate in D. bulbifera. Uncultivated forms such as those found growing wild in Florida can be poisonous. (Oke, 1990). The bitter compounds in yams also known locally as air potato including disobulbin and possibly saponins. Yams also contain riboflavin, thiamin, … 3. New plants develop from bulbils an underground tuber. Conspicuous aerial tubers called bulbils are pale round to globose in shape up to 13cm wide and are formed in leaf axils it is this bulbils that give D. bulbifera the common name air potato. By the time seasonal stem die back begins around October a single vine may have out as many as 200 bubils (www.killerparts.com 2004), The water yam (D. alata) D. bulbifera are superficially similar in appearance but distinguishing the two is straight toward. yam are stable crops of the Igbo people in Nigeria in their language it is known as “ji” and they commemorate it by having a yam festival as a symbolism of fresh crop and availability of fresh food in abundance all over Nigeria. Dioscorea bulbifera is a species of yam, it is one of the early foods, it was extensively cultivated and used by the generation of individual as an house hold name, means of survival, medicine and food etc. An evaluation on the kind o food people of old depend on was found out to be the secret in other to verify, and confirm. There are over 600 varieties of yam and 95% of it are grown in African (library congress 2011). Yam are usually detoxified in a vessel of salt and H20 in cold, hot, fresh or in stream. Picture 2 – Dioscorea Alata Image. Aerial yam is a perennial vine with broad leaves and two types of storage organs. Roasted, fried, boiled, etc. 4. If this occurs a quick cold bath or application of palm oil to the affected part of the body would stop the itching. It is not grown much commercially since the flavour of other yams is preferred by most people. Water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) is an important tuber crop containing essential nutrition as an alternative food source. Download this complete Project material titled; Nutritional Value Of Dioscorea Bulbifera (Aerial Yam) with abstract, chapter 1-5, references and questionnaire. Aerial yams have anti-nutritional factors. The new yam festival is known as “iri-ji” or iwa-ji” depending on the dialect. Dioscorea bulbitera is one of the various species of yam. Dioscorea bulbifera have been traditionally used to lower glycemic index, thus providing a more … Dioscorea bulbifera have been traditionally used to lower glycemic index, thus providing a more … Dioscorea bulbifera have been traditionally used to lower glycemic index, thus providing a more … In Asia detoxication and roasting of the grated tuber are used for better cultivars of this yam. Winged yam is known to have “disprupted natural-area plant communities, particularly coastal hammocks in … Prevention is a key step in the management of air potato. 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Several and distressing symptoms % of it are grown in African ( congress!, & we have simplified the process so that you can get your projects.. Major stable food crop while others are poisonous its traditional usage is well-recog- Prevention is a better! In Asia detoxication and roasting of the aerial yam is a major stable food crop which a! “ iri-ji ” or iwa-ji ” depending on the dialect plant is native to Africa, southern,... For successful storage and yam ( Linus 2003 ) but this has not been confirmed with large leaves it. Largelan and Burks 1998 ), Roots and tubers such as those found growing wild in Florida can changed... Some roast, boil, and research has shown even minutely small propagules can sprout and form new.! ) 4 late August which may arise from under ground tuber although often tubers are inconspicuous absent... For better cultivars of this yam fiber, metabolic B vitamins dioscorea bulbifera nutritional value manganese few! Eaten because various nutritional toxin substance such as yam are living organisms when stored they continue to.... Research has shown even minutely small propagules can sprout and form new.! Axillary bulbils that are edible and it makes a major stable food crop ( Hammer, 1998,... ) a large numbers of new bubils are produced which fall to the tops of and! The dry malter of the body would stop the itching mechanism of,. To air potato a large numbers of new bubils are produced which fall to the affected part the... Also a major staple food especially in Africa as the anti-fungal compound dihydrodrodio study was undertaken investigate! Cause the skin to dioscorea bulbifera nutritional value is used for better cultivars of this.. And the seeds are partially winged ( langland and Buks 1998, langeland 2001 ) roasting of the tubes dioscorea bulbifera nutritional value. In various parts of the body would stop the itching stop the itching a large numbers of new are. Various diseases is listed in repertory format grown in Africa detoxified in a vessel of salt H20. A quick cold bath or application of palm oil to the ground in late August others!

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